Urinary Tract Infection – Types, Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

Urinary Tract Infection – Types, Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

Urinary Tract Infection – The human body is made of 11 organ systems which include the integumentary system, skeletal system, muscular system, lymphatic system, respiratory system, digestive system, nervous system, endocrine system, cardiovascular system, urinary system, and reproductive systems.

Today we will talk about urinary tract infections As the United States records more than 3 million cases each year. Urinary tract infections happen in the urinary system of the human body. If anyone gets an infection in the kidneys, bladder, or urethra, it is called UTI.

Types of Urinary Tract Infection

Let’s first understand types of urinary tract infection before we move ahead to its symptoms and treatment etc. The urinary system has three major organs. That is why we are going to divide all of these types into those major categories.

Kidney infection can cause fever, chill, nausea, vomiting, and pain in your upper back or side of your stomach. On the other hand, a bladder infection might feel like you need to be a lot. 

Apart from that, you might feel pain while you are playing, and it may also cause lower belly pain. You are trying to faction and cause a discharge and burning when you pee. 

Urinary Tract Infection
Urinary Tract Infection

Causes of Urinary Tract Infection

Because urinary tract infections are way more common in women than men, that is why we will focus on women’s risk factors and causes. 

Female Anatomy

The organ structure of a woman is completely different from a man in terms of distance and other things. For example, a woman has a shorter urethra than a man. That is why it creates many problems for females, and the shorter distance between the urethra and other parts makes bacteria travel faster and reach the bladder.

Sexual Activity

Women are more vulnerable to get urinary tract infections if they are sexually active. The studies have sexually active women tend to have more possibility of urinary tract infections than a woman who is not sexually active. Apart from that, new partners can also increase the risk of UTIs.

Birth Controls and Menopause

Certain types of birth controls may also cause urinary tract infections. Studies have clearly proven that women who use diaphragms full birth control have a higher risk of getting urinary tract infections. 

Many studies have also suggested that after menopause, a decline in circulating estrogen may also cause urinary tract infection. Women become more vulnerable once they hit menopause. If you or anyone near you Is about to hit menopause, you should take good care of yourself.

Genetics

We cannot even know the part of genetics in urinary tract infection for women, as it has been proven in many studies. For example, your mother or her mother used to have a urinary tract infection, and it is likely that you might also get it. 

 Diabetes and Other Medical Conditions

If you have diabetes or any other medical condition, you are more likely to get urinary tract infection than healthy women of your age. When you get diabetes, your immune system gets weakened, which becomes less able to fight infections and other medical conditions.

Hormone changes, multiple sclerosis, and everything which affects urine flow, such as kidney stones and spinal cord injury, can also cause UTIs. During these conditions, we should be very careful.

Symptoms of Urinary Tract Infections

We will divide the symptoms of urinary tract infection as per the body part it affects. Because different body parts are included in the urinary system, that is why different parts might have different symptoms. To better understand, let’s take a look at all the symptoms 1 by 1.

Urinary Tract Infection
Urinary Tract Infection

Kidney Infection Symptoms

As you are already aware, urinary tract infections have three major parts, and different parts have different symptoms. The first body part, which is part of a UTI, is the kidney.

If you are feeling heavy back pain or side pain for a longer period of time, it might be the symptom of a urinary tract infection in your kidney. Apart from that, you might have a high fever and shaky chills, which won’t go away even after a few days. 

Kidney infection might also cause regular vomit and nausea at the same time. You should be aware of these symptoms, and if you are having two or more symptoms at the same time, it is time for you to go and see your doctor.

All of these symptoms are going to look regular, but They can cause some serious health conditions if not treated on time.

Bladder Infection Symptoms

The bladder is the second major part of the urinary system of the human body. Just like the kidney, it can also catch an infection, and that is called urinary tract infection. Let’s take a look at a few of the symptoms caused by a bladder infection.

If you have constant pelvic pressure and you feel like you have to go to the bathroom, again and again, it could be an infection in your bladder. Apart from that, bladder infection might also cause lower abdomen discomfort and even pain sometimes. 

Frequent urination and pain while urinating are also very common symptoms of bladder infection during UTI. It can also cause blood in urine, which is a very serious problem, and you should let your doctor know about it as soon as you have any of the symptoms. 

Urethra Infection Symptoms

The urethra is the final part of the body that is included in the urinary system and can cause tract infections. If you have an infection in the urethra, the symptoms are going to be a bit different than the infection in the bladder or kidney.

If you have an infection in the urethra, you might feel everything is burning while you’re in the nation. It is one of the most common symptoms of urethra infection. Apart from that, you might also feel discharged while peeing. It is very common in men rather than women.

Common Symptoms

Apart from the above-given Organ by organ symptoms, you might also face a few symptoms which are going to be very common during any body part infection, including the urinary system. 

If you feel your urine is a bit more cloudy than ever before, or it is getting darker no matter how much water you drink, you might have a urinary tract infection. Apart from that, your pee might smell strange. It is also a classic sign of urinary tract infection.

Diagnosis of Urinary Tract Infection

There are many different ways that your doctor can use to diagnose urinary tract infections. Your doctor might recommend specific tests depending on the symptoms you are having. Let’s take a look at a few of the tests.

Urine Sample

Taking a urine sample is one of the most basic tests to check any sort of urinary tract infection. Your doctor might ask you for a sample for a lab analysis that can tell everything, including blood cells and bacteria. 

Computerized Tomography Scan

After a urine sample, a CT scan or computerized tomography scan is one of the most common tests. it gives a clear look at the urinary system so that doctors can analyze everything better than a urine sample

Scope in Your Bladder

Your doctor may perform a Cystoscopy, which takes a scope In your bladder for a better view of connecting tubes. 

Treatment of Urinary Tract Infections

For the treatment of using a retract infection, your doctor might start with antibiotics as it is the first line of treatment for any kind of infection. The type of drug and the duration of the medicine depend on the health condition and type of bacteria found in your urine sample.

 There are many different kinds of medicine available in the market which work as antibiotics, and your doctor might recommend you to take one of these for at least 2 or 3 weeks.

Apart from that, your doctor might ask you to do a few home remedies, including drinking plenty of water. Enough water can help your body to dilute your urine and flush out the bacteria causing the infection.

Your doctor might ask you to avoid coffee, alcohol, and any other sort of soft drink. Caffeinated drinks can irritate your bladder, and it might take more time to clear out the bacteria and infection.

Takeaways

Urinary tract infections are very common, and they can happen to anyone due to several causes. The United States records more than 3 million cases of urinary tract infection in a year.

UTIs are more common than men because of their organ structure and bladder being closer to the urethra. Apart from that, pregnancy, hormone changes, birth control pills can also cause urinary tract infections in women.

There are multiple ways to diagnose UTIs, such as urine samples and Cystoscopy. To treat urinary tract infections, your doctor might ask you to start antibiotics which is the first line of treatment. Usually, you don’t have to get hospitalized due to UTIs.

Can I trade urinary tract infections at home?

Your body is capable of resolving minor or uncomplicated urinary tract infections on its own without the help of any kind of antibiotics. But it is always a wise decision to get Medical health and start having antibiotics to treat your infection.

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